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Entender y adaptarse a los temperamentos individuales

El temperamento es la naturaleza básica de una persona o su manera natural de ser. Aprender acerca del temperamento puede ayudarlo a entender y a explicar el comportamiento de un niño, lo que a su vez puede llevar a un cuidado más receptivo e individualizado para los bebés y niños pequeños. Toma tiempo aprender acerca del temperamento de un individuo. La observación durante las rutinas diarias de cuidado y el juego, y la comunicación con las familias, pueden ayudar a los maestros a aprender acerca del temperamento único de cada niño y a encontrar maneras de apoyarlo.

Infant–Early Childhood Mental Health Supports for Homeless Children and Families in Child Care Settings

The Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG) Act of 2014 and the Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) Final Rule provide incentive and opportunity to enhance the provision of infant–early childhood mental health (I-ECMH) services by requiring that infant and toddler care teachers receive ongoing professional development on infants’ and toddlers’ social-emotional development and on social-emotional behavior intervention models (45 C.F.R. § 98.44(b) (1)(iii)(2)(iii), 2016).

Child Abuse: Protecting Infants and Toddlers

Child abuse is a prevalent and significant issue in our country. In Federal Fiscal Year 2015, 9.2 out of 1,000 children in the population were victims of child abuse and neglect. Similar to statistics from previous years, 75.3 percent of the victims suffered from neglect and 17.2 were victims of physical abuse (Children’s Bureau, 2017). Additionally, “children in their first year of life had the highest rate of victimization at 24.2 per 1,000 children of the same age in the national population” (Children’s Bureau, 2017, p. x).

Las relaciones respetuosas y receptivas son fundamentales para apoyar el desarrollo óptimo de los bebés y niños pequeños

Las relaciones receptivas realmente representan el corazón de lo que hace en su labor con los niños pequeños y las familias. En el caso de los bebés y niños pequeños, todo el aprendizaje se da dentro del contexto de sus relaciones con los adultos importantes en su vida.

Rutinas de cuidado y programación diaria individualizadas

Las rutinas consistentes, actividades que suceden todos los días cerca de la misma hora y casi en la misma forma, les brindan confort y un sentido de seguridad a los niños pequeños. Ya sea que se trate de la hora de jugar, de la merienda o de una siesta, o que regrese un ser querido, saber lo que va a suceder a continuación les da seguridad y estabilidad a los bebés y niños pequeños.

Building Relationships with Families of Children with Special Needs: Relationships with Families.

Family members have important information about their own children, and this information is valuable to anyone involved in a child’s care. Parents and guardians have a special understanding of their children’s unique qualities and characteristics, such as temperament, strengths, and interests. Their perspective adds important information for teachers and other professionals to consider. This is true for all children and is particularly important when an infant or toddler has a disability or other special need (Brillante, 2017; Cross, Traub, Hutter-Pishgahi, & Shelton, 2004).

Earning Credentials and Understanding Career Ladders

Professional learning opportunities that focus specifically on infant and toddler care and development can help you improve and increase your skills and strategies for giving the responsive, relationship-based care that is best for infants and toddlers. High-quality care requires sensitive teacher-child interactions as well as teachers who have specialized knowledge and understanding of how infants and toddlers develop and learn (National Research Council & Institute of Medicine, 2000).

Caring for Our Children Basics Health and Safety Standards Alignment Tool for Child Care Centers and Family Child Care Homes

Caring for Our Children Basics (CFOCB)1 represents the minimum health and safety standards experts believe should be in place where children are cared for outside their own homes, whether in a home-based program or center-based facility. It does not, however, represent all standards that should be present to achieve the highest quality of care and early learning. For example, the caregiver training requirements outlined in these standards are designed only to prevent harm to children, not to ensure children’s optimal development and learning.

Checklist and Questions Consumer Education Strategies

This checklist addresses key issues and topic areas to consider when developing and improving consumer education. How do you communicate the information to parents and providers? Keep the following approaches in mind as you review the checklist

What Does Inclusion Look Like and What Can Caregivers Do to Support It?

A sense of belonging is essential to inclusion. Just sharing physical space is not enough; when we work to create meaningful relationships and experiences to fully include infants and toddlers with disabilities, the child, the other children, and the family all benefit. Creating a truly inclusive environment means not only making appropriate adaptations to the physical space and materials but also fostering the social and emotional environment.